Estimation of stature from upper extremity

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Ozaslan A., Koc S. , Ozaslan I., Tugcu H.

MILITARY MEDICINE, vol.171, no.4, pp.288-291, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 171 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.7205/milmed.171.4.288
  • Title of Journal : MILITARY MEDICINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.288-291


With the increasing frequency of mass disasters, identification of an isolated upper extremity and determination of the stature of the person it belonged to have created problems for investigation of the identity of some victims. Despite a need for such a study, there is a lack of systematic studies to identify fragmented and dismembered human remains. The purpose of this study was to analyze anthropometric relationships between dimensions of the upper extremity and body height. Analyses were based on a sample of middle class male (n = 202) and female (n = 108) Turks residing in Istanbul, Turkey. Five variables were entered into the analyses. For male subjects, forearm length was selected as the first factor, followed by hand length and finally upper arm length. For female subjects, upper arm length was selected first, followed by forearm length and finally hand length. There were also individually calculated formulae for some of these measurements that provided smaller R-2 values. The study suggested that estimation of a living height could be made possible by using various dimensions of the upper extremity. One must consider differences between populations to apply such functions to other populations.