Antiobesity effects of phytochemicals from an epigenetic perspective.


Dincer Y. , Yuksel S.

Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol.84, pp.111119, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.nut.2020.111119
  • Title of Journal : Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
  • Page Numbers: pp.111119
  • Keywords: Obesity, Epigenetics, Folic acid, Curcumin, Citrus flavonoids, Tea polyphenols, Vitamin B12

Abstract

Obesity is an important cause of morbidity and mortality due to its close association with metabolic disorders including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancer. According to the Developmental Ori-gins of Adult Health and Disease hypothesis, obesity is likely caused by epigenetic changes. Recent studies have shown an association between epigenetic dysregulation of certain genes and obesity. Due to their reversible characteristic, epigenetic dysregulations can be restored. Restoration of epigenetic dysregulation in obesity-related genes by epigenetic modifiers may be a new treatment option for obesity. Certain phyto-chemicals such as tea polyphenols, curcumin, genistein, isothiocyanates, and citrus isoflavonoids were shown to prevent weight gain. These phytochemicals are known for their antioxidant effects but they also modify epigenetic mechanisms. These phytochemicals may have a therapeutic potential in the management of obesity. The aim of this study was to review the epigenetic effects of certain phytochemicals on the expres-sion of obesity-related genes.