Intrinsic Synchronization Analysis of Brain Activity in Obsessive-compulsive Disorders

ÖZEL P., Karaca A., Olamat A., Akan A. , Ozcoban M. A. , TAN O.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEURAL SYSTEMS, vol.30, no.9, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1142/s012906572050046x


Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the neuropsychiatric disorders qualified by intrusive and iterative annoying thoughts and mental attitudes that are activated by these thoughts. In recent studies, advanced signal processing techniques have been favored to diagnose OCD. This research suggests four different measurements; intrinsic phase-locked value, intrinsic coherence, intrinsic synchronization likelihood, and intrinsic visibility graph similarity that quantifies the synchronization level and complexity in electroencephalography (EEG) signals. This intrinsic synchronization is achieved by utilizing Multivariate Empirical Mode Decomposition (MEMD), a data-driven method that resolves nonlinear and nonstationary data into their intrinsic mode functions. Our intrinsic technique in this study demonstrates that MEMD-based synchronization analysis gives us much more detailed knowledge rather than utilizing the synchronization method alone. Furthermore, the nonlinear synchronization method presents more consistent results considering OCD heterogeneity. Statistical evaluation using sample t-test and U-test has shown the significance of such new methodology.