Molecular Detection and Clinical Aspects of Feline Herpesvirus-1, Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus in Cats in Istanbul, Turkey

Bayraktar E., Yilmaz H.

PAKISTAN VETERINARY JOURNAL, vol.40, no.2, pp.249-252, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.29261/pakvetj/2020.005
  • Page Numbers: pp.249-252
  • Keywords: ELISA, Feline herpesvirus-1, Feline immunodeficiency virus, Feline leukemia virus, PCR, Turkey, INFECTION, FIV


The aim of this study was molecular detection of FIV, FeLV and FHV-1 and determination of frequency of these infections in cats and evaluation of clinical signs and status of the animals For this, 30 household cats and 30 stray cats were clinically examined and blood samples and eye-swabs were taken. Samples were analysed by ELISA and PCR. In ELISA, 4 of 60 cats were positive for FIV and 6 of 60 for FeLV. FIV proviral-DNA was detected in 6 of 60 cats and FeLV proviral-DNA in 11 of 60 cats by PCR. Also, FHV-1-DNA was detected in eye swabs in 26 cats out of 60 cats. Clinically, eye disorders, ulcers in oral mucosa and respiratory disorders were observed in FIV, FeLV and FHV infected cats. Eye disorders were mostly seen in FHV-1 positive cats while fever was prominent in FeLV and FHV infected cats. The results show that FIV, FeLV and herpesvirus-1 are affecting the cat's health and can make them susceptible to other pathogens which increase the risk of cat's life. (C) 2019 PVJ. All rights reserved