Urban Transformation: Is it for everyone?

Bekdemir A. P. , Kart Aktaş N.

The International Conference Environment – Landscape – European Identity, Bucuresti, Romania, 1 - 04 November 2011, vol.1, pp.95

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Bucuresti
  • Country: Romania
  • Page Numbers: pp.95
  • Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa Affiliated: No


Urban transformation expresses the entire strategies and actions used to improve the economic, social, physical and environmental conditions of damaged and collapsed urban areas by comprehensive and integrated approaches. Diverse transformation processes, which lead to altered urban functions and new local needs and opportunities, constantly influence cities. Interpreting these different development processes and identifying and realising opportunities are growing challenges for urban governance and planning. Cities, over the years, are living spaces integrating by people's worlds of meaning and established by creating a memory, do not form easily. It’s crucial to see urban transformation as a social process and sustain it with a participatory approach. It must be appropriate for the reality of the city. Based on the authority given by the amendment in the Municipal Act in June 2010, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality is implementing urban transformation and development projects to create technology parks, residential, industrial, commercial, public service, recreation and all kinds of social reinforcement areas; reconstruct and restore the perishable city parts, protect historical and cultural urban structure or to take measures against earthquake risk. By considering the city's needs, transformations should be done due to a lack of physical structure. However, the important point is the urban transformation in Istanbul either for everyone or certain interest groups.