Comparison of the decision tree, artificial neural network and multiple regression methods for prediction of carcass tissues composition of goat kids

Ekiz B. , Baygul O., Yalcintan H., Ozcan M.

MEAT SCIENCE, vol.161, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 161
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2019.108011
  • Title of Journal : MEAT SCIENCE


The aim of this study was to predict carcass tissue composition of goat kids using the decision tree with CHAID algorithm (DT) and artificial neural network (ANN) method in comparison with classical step-wise regression (SWR) analyse. Data were obtained from 57 goat kids of Gokceada breed. Predictor variables were pre-slaughter weight, several carcass measurements and indices, weights of different carcass joints and dressing percentage. R-2 values ranging from 0.212 to 0.371 indicating low to moderate accuracy were obtained for predicting muscle proportion. DT and ANN yielded similar R-2 values for predicting bone proportion. DT was the best prediction method for estimating proportions of subcutaneous fat (R-2 = 0.828) and intermuscular fat (R-2 = 0.789). According to DT analyses, cold carcass weight was the most important factor influencing bone proportion, while kidney knob and channel fat weight was the predominant factor influencing subcutaneous, intermuscular and total fat proportions. Consequently, the use of DT method can be considered to predict carcass fat proportions.