THE TRANSPORT OF VITAMIN-E IN PLASMA AND ITS CORRELATION TO PLASMA-LIPOPROTEINS IN NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS


KOKOGLU E. H. , ULAKOGLU E.

DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE, vol.14, no.3, pp.175-181, 1991 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1991
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/0168-8227(91)90018-9
  • Title of Journal : DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE
  • Page Numbers: pp.175-181

Abstract

It is known that plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL) contain a great amount of vitamin E and that LDL enter cells via the specific receptor-mediated mechanism. In this study, we aimed to investigate the transport of alpha-tocopherol from plasma to tissues in subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) with poor glycaemic control; and the relationships between alpha-tocopherol and plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels. alpha-Tocopherol determination was carried out by colorimetric assay according to the modified micromethod of Fabianek et al. The mean plasma alpha-tocopherol and (LDL + VLDL)-alpha-tocopherol levels increased significantly in the diabetic group as compared to control (P < 0.05 and P < 0.02), whereas the high density lipoprotein (HDL)-alpha-tocopherol level was significantly lower in the diabetic group than that in the controls (P < 0.05). Correlations between plasma alpha-tocopherol levels showed close positive relationships (r = 0.87, r = 0.75 and r = 0.78, respectively, P < 0.001). A strong positive correlation was also observed between alpha-tocopherol and the cholesterol content, either in the HDL or in the (LDL + VLDL) fractions (r = 0.75 and r = 0.77; P < 0.001). These findings indicate that there is a direct positive relationship between lipid and alpha-tocopherol concentrations. The increased level of alpha-tocopherol in the LDL + VLDL fraction and decreased level in HDL in these patients could be attributed to the impairment of the cholesterol uptake of the cells by the receptor mediated mechanism.