Species diversity and polymorphism in the Exophiala spinifera clade containing opportunistic black yeast-like fungi

Creative Commons License

de Hoog G., Vicente V., Caligiorne R., Kantarcioglu S., Tintelnot K., van den Ende A., ...More

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, vol.41, no.10, pp.4767-4778, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1128/jcm.41.10.4767-4778.2003
  • Page Numbers: pp.4767-4778


A monophyletic group of black yeast-like fungi containing opportunistic pathogens around Exophiala spini- fera is analyzed using sequences of the small-subunit (SSU) and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) domains of ribosomal DNA. The group contains yeast-like and annellidic species (anamorph genus Exophiala) in addition to sympodial taxa (anamorph genera Ramichloridium and Rhinocladiella). The new species Exophiala oligosperma, Ramichloridium basitonum, and Rhinocladiella similis are introduced and compared with their morphologically similar counterparts at larger phylogenetic distances outside the E. spinifiera clade. Exophiala jeanselmei is redefined. New combinations are proposed in Exophiala: Exophiala exophialae for Phaeococcomyces exophialae and Exophiala heteromorpha for E. jeanselmei var. heteromorpha.