Anatomic variations of the human falx cerebelli and its association with occipital venous sinuses

Cavdar S., Solmaz B., Tanis O., Guler O. U. , Dalcik H., Aydogmus E., ...More

BRITISH JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02688697.2020.1793907


Purpose Human falx cerebelli is an important anatomical structure in regard to its relations with venous structures during infratentorial approach to reach cerebellar tumors, vascular malformations, traumatic hemorrhage and Chiari malformations. The present study aim to describe the different types of variations of the falx cerebelli, its morphological features and its association with occipital venous sinuses. Method In this study 49 dura mater was obtained from the Institution of Forensic Medicine. The length, width and the depth of the falx cerebelli were measured using a digital compass. The data obtained were statistically analyzed in relation to age and gender. The relations of the falx cerebelli with the occipital sinus was documented. Histological sections from the falx cerebelli were stained with Hematoxylin Eosin to evaluate the fine structure. Results Among the 49 falx cerebelli examined 36 (73.5%) were classified as normal. The average length, width and depth of the normal falx cerebelli was 3.7, 1.0 and 0.4 cm respectively. Of the 49 falx cerebelli in 1 (2%) case it was absent, in 5 cases (10.2%) duplicate, in 5 cases (10.2%) triplicate, in 1 (2%) case quadruplets and in 1 case (2%) it was five-folded. The proximal and the distal attachments of the falx cerebelli showed 3 types of variations; both attachments triangular, the proximal attachments triangular and the distal ramified and distal attachments triangular and the proximal attachments ramified. The drainage of the occipital sinus of falx cerebelli with variations were evaluated. The increased number of falx cerebelli highly corresponded with the increased number of occipital sinus. Conclusions The dural-venous variation in the posterior cranial fossa can be problematic in various diagnostic and operative procedures of this region. Neurosurgeons should be aware of such variations, as these could be potential sources of haemorrhage during the midline suboccipital and infratentorial approaches.