Multilevel turbo coded-continuous phase frequency shift keying (MLTC-CPFSK)

Odabasioglu N., Ucan O. N.

COMPUTERS & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, vol.35, no.3, pp.441-449, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compeleceng.2008.11.007
  • Page Numbers: pp.441-449


In this paper, we introduce a Turbo coded modulation scheme, called multilevel turbo coded-continuous phase frequency shift keying (MLTC-CPFSK). The underlying basis of multilevel coding is to partition a signal set into several levels and to encode separately each level through the respective layer of the encoder. In MLTC-CPFSK, to provide phase continuity of the signals, turbo encoder and continuous phase encoder (CPE) are serially concatenated at the last level, while all other levels consist of only a turbo encoder. Therefore, the proposed system contains multiple turbo encoder/decoder blocks in its architecture. The parallel input data sequences are encoded by our multilevel scheme and mapped to CPFSK signals. Then, for the purpose of performance analysis, these modulated signals are passed through AWGN and fading channels. At the receiver side, the input sequence of the first level is estimated by the first turbo decoder block. Subsequently, the other input sequences of other levels are computed using the estimated input bit streams of the respective previous levels. Simulation results are drawn for 4-ary CPFSK two level and 8-ary CPFSK three level turbo codes over AWGN, Rician, and Rayleigh channels for three iterations while frame sizes are chosen as 100 and 1024. It is concluded that satisfactory performance is achieved in MLTC-CPFSK systems for all SNR values in various fading environments. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.